Especially well known is the suggestion by Scott that these are the first words of a literary work, similar to the biblical dynastic prophecies and royal hymns, which was engraved on the pillars.
More acceptable is the opinion that the names Jachin and Boaz are proper names, like those found in other places in the Bible, representing the names of the builders or contributors (Gesenius, Ewald); or perhaps they were actually names of members of the royal household, as S.
Rabbinic scholars and medieval Jewish exegetes held that the capital here is a double one (cf. Indeed, double capitals are known from clay molds of cultic structures from Palestine and Cyprus dating to the period under consideration, i.e., the Iron Age.
In these molds, as in the biblical descriptions, there is a capital of lily leaves, in the center of which is a semispherical bowl.
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According to the Masoretic Version ( Chronicles ), it appears that the pillars stood in front of the Sanctuary, inside the entrance hall.
Their size, however, gives rise to doubts concerning their structural function.
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Thus, in the three molds from the Iron Age mentioned above, the common element is the freestanding pillars in front of the entrance.